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Urologic Outcomes Database (UODB) and related outcomes studies

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1. Cooperberg MR, Master VA, Carroll PR. Health related quality of life significance of single pad urinary incontinence following radical prostatectomy. J Urol. 2003 Aug;170(2 Pt 1):512-5. PMID: 12853811


2. Anast JW, Stoller ML, Meng MV, Master VA, Mitchell JA, Bassett WW, Kane CJ. Differences in complications and outcomes for obese patients undergoing laparoscopic radical, partial or simple nephrectomy. J Urol. 2004 Dec;172(6 Pt 1):2287-91. PMID: 15538250

3. Kane CJ, Mitchell JA, Meng MV, Anast J, Carroll PR, Stoller ML. Laparoscopic partial nephretcomy with temporary arterial occlusion: description of technique and renal function outcomes.Urology. 2004;63(2):241-6. PMID: 14972462


4. Master VA, Chi T, Simko JP, Weinberg V, Carroll PR. The independent impact of extended pattern biopsy on prostate cancer stage migration. J Urol. 2005 Nov;174(5):1789-93; discussion 1793. PMID: 16217288

5. Master VA, Gottschalk AR, Kane CJ, Carroll PR. Management of isolated renal fossa recurrence following radical nephrectomy. J Urol. 2005 Aug;174(2):473-7. Discussion 477. PMID: 16006867


6. Eisenberg MS, Meng MV, Master VA, Stoller ML, Rini BI, Carroll PR, Kane CJ. Laparoscopic versus open cytoreductive nephrectomy in advanced renal-cell carcinoma. J Endourol. 2006 Jul;20(7):504-8. PMID: 16859465



7. Dall'Era MA, Konety BR. Active surveillance for low-risk prostate cancer: selection of patients and predictors of progression. Nat Clin Pract Urol. 2008 May;5(5):277-83. PMID: 18285752

8. Dall'Era MA, Konety BR, Cowan JE, Shinohara K, Stauf F, Cooperberg MR, Meng MV, Kane CJ, Perez N, Master VA, Carroll PR. Carroll, P.R. Active surveillance for the management of prostate cancer in a contemporary cohort. Cancer. 2008 Jun 15;112(12):2664-70; comment 2631-4. PMID: 18433013

9. Dall'Era MA, Cooperberg MR, Chan JM, Davies BJ, Albertsen PC, Klotz LH, Warlick CA, Holmberg L, Bailey DE Jr, Wallace ME, Kantoff PW, Carroll PR. Active surveillance for early-stage prostate cancer: review of the current literature. Cancer. 2008 Apr 15;112(8):1650-9. PMID: 18306379    


10. Conti SL, Dall'Era MA, Fradet V, Cowan JE, Simko, J, Carroll PR. Pathologic outcomes in men meeting criteria for active surveillance of prostate cancer. J Urol. 2009 Apr;181(4):1628-33; discussion 1633-4. PMID: 19233388 

      Comment in: J Urol. 2009 Apr;181(4):1534-5.

11. Dall'Era MA, Carroll PR. Outcomes and follow-up strategies for patients on active surveillance. Curr Opin Urol. 2009 May; 19(3):258-62. PMID: 19295434

12. Eisenberg ML, Cowan JE, Davies BJ, Carroll PR, Shinohara K. The importance of tumor palpability and transrectal ultrasonographic appearance in the contemporary clinical staging of prostate cancer. Urol Onc. 2011;29(2):171-6. Epub 2009 Apr 10. PMID: 19362864 

13. Greene KL, Albertsen PC, Babaian RJ, Carter HB, Gann PH, Han M, Kuban DA, Sartor AO, Stanford JL, Zietman A, Carroll P. Prostate specific antigen best practice statement: 2009 update. J Urol. 2009 Nov;182(5):2232-41. PMID: 19781717


14. Breyer BN, Davis CB, Cowan JE, Kane CJ, Carroll PR. Incidence of bladder neck contracture after robot-assisted laparoscopic and open radical prostatectomy. BJU Int. 2010;106(11):1734-8. PMID: 20438567

15. Cooperberg MR, Kane CJ, Cowan JE, Carroll PR. Adequacy of lymphadenectomy among men undergoing robot assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. BJU Int. 2010 Jan;105(1):88-92. PMID: 19549119

16. Eisenberg ML, Davies BJ, Cooperberg MR, Cowan JE, Carroll PR. Prognostic implications of an undetectable ultrasensitive prostate-specific antigen level after radical prostatectomy. Eur Urol. 2010 Apr;57(4):622-9. Epub 2009 Apr 3. PMID: 19375843 

17. Eisenberg ML, Cowan JE, Carroll PR, Shinohara K. The adjunctive use of power Doppler imaging in the preoperative assessment of prostate cancer.  BJU Int. 2010;105(9):1237-41. PMID: 19888980

18. Fradet V, Kurhanewicz J, Cowan JE, Karl A, Coakley FV Shinohara K, Carroll PR. Prostate cancer managed with active surveillance: role of anatomic MR imaging and MR spectroscopic imaging. Radiology. 2010 Jul;256(1):176-83. PMID: 20505068

19. Odisho AY, Cooperberg MR, Fradet V, Ahmad AE, Carroll PR. Urologic density and county-level urologic cancer mortality. J Clin Oncol. 2010 May 20;28(15):2499-504. PMID: 20406931

20. Porten SP, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR. The independent value of tumor volume in a contemporary cohort of men treated with radical prostatectomy for clinically localized disease. BJU Int. 2010:105(4):472-5. Epub 2009 Aug 13. PMID: 19681901

21. Porten SP, Richardson DA, Odisho AY, McAninch JW, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR. Disproportionate presentation of high risk prostate cancer in a safety net health system. J Urol.2010;184(5):1931-6. PMID: 20846693

22. Whitson JM, Carroll PR. Active Surveillance for Early-Stage Prostate Cancer: Defining the Triggers for Intervention. J Clin Oncol. 2010 Jun 10;28(17):2807-9. PMID: 20439633


23. Carroll PR, Whitson JM, Cooperberg MR. Serum prostate-specific antigen for the early detection of prostate cancer: Always, never, or only sometimes? J Clin Oncol. 2011 Feb 1;29(4):345-7. Epub 2010 Dec 28. PMID: 21189396

24. Chan JM, Weinberg V, Magbanua MJ, Sosa E, Simko J, Shinohara K, Federman S, Mattie M, Hughes-Fulford M, Haqq C, Carroll PR. Nutritional supplements, COX-2 and IGF-1 expression in men on active surveillance for prostate cancer. Cancer Causes Control. 2011 Jan;22(1):141-50. Epub 2010 Nov 20. PMID: 21103921

25. Cooperberg MR, Cowan JE, Hilton JF, Reese AC, Zaid HB, Porten SP, Shinohara K, Meng MV, Greene KL, Carroll PR. Outcomes of active surveillance for men with intermediate risk prostate cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2011 Jan 10;29(2):228-34. Epub 2010 Nov 29. PMID: 21115873

26. Cooperberg MR, Mallin K, Kane CJ, Carroll PR. Treatment trends for stage I renal cell carcinoma. J Urol. 2011;186(2):394-9. PMID: 21679982

27. Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR, Klotz L. Active surveillance for prostate cancer: progress and promise. J Clin Oncol. 2011 Sep 20;29(27):3669-76.  PMID: 21825257

28. Dall'Era MA, Cowan JE, Simko J, Shinohara K, Davies B, Konety BR, Meng MV, Perez N, Greene K, Carroll PR. Surgical management after active surveillance for low-risk prostate cancer: pathological outcomes compared with men undergoing immediate treatment. BJU Int. 2011;107(8):1232-7. Epub 2010 Aug 26. PMID: 20804478

29. Magbanua MJ, Roy R, Sosa EV, Weinberg V, Federman S, Mattie MD, Hughes-Fulford M, Simko J, Shinohara K, Haqq CM, Carroll PR, Chan JM. Gene expression and biological pathways in tissue of men with prostate cancer in a randomized clinical trial of lycopene and fish oil supplementation. PLoS One. 2011;6(9):e24004. PMID: 21912659

30. McKenney JK, Simko J, Bonham M, True LD, Troyer D, Hawley S, Newcomb LF, Fazli L, Kunju LP, Nicolas MM, Vakar-Lopez F, Zhang X, Carroll PR, Brooks JD; the Canary/Early Detection Research Network Prostate Active Surveillance Study Investigators. The potential impact of reproducibility of Gleason grading in men with early stage prostate cancer managed by active surveillance: a multi-institutional study. J Urol. 2011;186(2):465-9. PMID: 21679996

31. Porten SP, Whitson JM, Cowan JE, Cooperberg MR, Shinohara K, Perez N, Greene KL, Meng MV, Carroll PR. Changes in prostate cancer grade on serial biopsy in men undergoing active surveillance. J Clin Oncol. 2011;29(20):2795-800. PMID: 21632511

32. Porten SP, Whitson JM, Cowan JE, Perez N, Shinohara K, Carroll PR. Changes in Cancer Volume in Serial Biopsies of Men on Active Surveillance for Early Stage Prostate Cancer. J Urol.2011;186(5):1825-9. PMID: 21944082  This paper will be featured for CME credits.

33. Reese AC, Fradet V, Whitson JM, Davis CB, Carroll PR. Poor agreement of prostate specific antigen doubling times calculated using ultrasensitive versus standard prostate specific antigen values: important impact on risk assessment. J Urol. 2011 Dec;186(6):2228-32. PMID: 22014796

34. Whitson JM, Porten SP, Hilton JF, Cowan JE, Perez N, Cooperberg MR, Greene KL, Meng MV, Simko JP, Shinohara K, Carroll PR. The relationship between prostate specific antigen change and biopsy progression in patients on active surveillance for prostate cancer. J Urol. 2011;185(5):1656-60. PMID: 21419438

35. Whitson JM, Porten SP, Carroll PR. Prostate cancer: reducing overtreatment: active surveillance in low-risk disease. Nat Rev Urol. 2011 Mar;8(3):124-5. PMID: 21304508

36. Yang G, Whitson JM, Breyer BN, Konety BR, Carroll PR. Oncological and functional outcomes of radical cystectomy and orthotopic bladder replacement in women. Urology. 2011;77(4):878-83. PMID: 21215428


37. Cooperberg MR, Odisho AY, Carroll PR. Outcomes for radical prostatectomy: is it the singer, the song, or both? J Clin Oncol. 2012 Feb 10;30(5):476-8. PMID: 22215744

38. Glass AS, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR. Early detection of prostate cancer: more information, more clarity. Eur Urol. 2012;62(5):753-5. PMID: 22766168

39. Glass AS, Cooperberg MR, Meng MV, Carroll PR. Role of active surveillance in the management of localized prostate cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr. 2012(45):202-6. PMID: 23271774

40. Hilton JF, Blashko SD, Whitson JM, Cowan JE, Carroll PR. The impact of serial biopsies on sexual function in men on active surveillance for prostate cancer. J Urol. 2012 Oct;188(4):1252-8. PMID: 22902015

41. Jung AJ, Coakley FV, Shinohara K, Carroll PR, Kurhanewicz J, Cowan JE, Westphalen AC. Local staging of prostate cancer: comparative accuracy of T2-weighted endorectal MR imaging and transrectal ultrasound. Clin Imaging. 2012 Sep;36(5):547-52. PMID: 22920360

42. Reese AC, Cowan JE, Brajtbord JS, Harris CR, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR. The quantitative Gleason score improves prostate cancer risk assessment. Cancer. 2012;118(24):6046-54. PMID: 22674220

43. Ross HM, Kryvenko ON, Cowan JE, Simko JP, Wheeler TM, Epstein JI. Do adenocarcinomas of the prostate with Gleason Score (GS) <=6 have the potential to metastasize to lymph nodes? Am J Surg Pathol. 2012;36(9):1346-52.  PMID: 22531173

44. Washington SL, Bonham M, Whitson JM, Cowan JE, Carroll PR. Transrectal ultrasonography-guided biopsy does not reliably identify dominant cancer location in men with low-risk prostate cancer. BJU Int. 2012;110(1):50-5. Epub 2011 Nov 11. PMID: 22077660


45. Bauer SR, Richman EL, Sosa E, Weinberg V, Song X, Witte JS, Carroll PR, Chan JM. Antioxidant and vitamin E transport genes and risk of high-grade prostate cancer and prostate cancer recurrence. Prostate. 2013 Dec;73(16):1786-95. PMID: 24038157

46. Cary KC, Cowan JE, Sanford M, Shinohara K, Perez N, Chan JM, Meng MV, Carroll PR. Predictors of pathologic progression on biopsy among men on active surveillance for localized prostate cancer: the value of the pattern of surveillance biopsies. Eur Urol. 2014 Aug 66(2):337-42. Epub 2013 Sep 9. PMID: 24035632

47. Cooperberg MR, Simko JP, Cowan JE, Reid JE, Djalilvand A, Bhatnagar S, Gutin A, Lanchbury JS, Swanson GP, Stone S, Carroll PR. Validation of a cell-cycle progression gene panel to improve risk stratification in a contemporary prostatectomy cohort. J Clin Oncol. 2013 Apr 10;31(11):1428-34. PMID: 23460710

48. Glass AS, Porten SP, Bonham M, Tran TC, Cowan JE, Punnen S, Chan JM, Carroll PR. Active surveillance: Does serial prostate biopsy increase histological inflammation? Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2013;16(2):165-9. PMID: 23318528

49. Hawley S, Fazli L, McKenney JK, Simko J, Troyer D, Nicolas M, Newcomb LF, Cowan JE, Crouch L, Ferrari M, Hernandez J, Hurtado-Coll A, Kuchinsky K, Liew J, Mendez-Meza R, Smith E, Tenggara I, Zhang X, Carroll PR, Chan JM, Gleave M, Lance R, Lin DW, Nelson PS, Thompson IM, Feng Z, True LD, Brooks JD. A model for the design and construction of a resource for the validation of prognostic prostate cancer biomakers: the Canary Prostate Cancer Tissue Microarray. Adv Anat Pathol. 2013 Jan;20(1):39-44. PMID: 23232570

50. Lin DW, Newcomb LF, Brown EC, Brooks JD, Carroll PR, Feng Z, Gleave ME, Lance RS, Sanda MG, Thompson IM, Wei JT, Nelson PS; Canary Prostate Active Surveillance Study Investigators. Urinary TMPRSS2:ERG and PCA3 in an active surveillance cohort: results from a baseline analysis in the Canary Prostate Active Surveillance Study. Clin Cancer Res. 2013 May 1:19(9):2442-50. PMID: 23515404

51. Odisho AY, Washington SL 3rd, Meng MV, Cowan JE, Simko JP, Carroll PR. Benign prostate glandular tissue at radical prostatectomy surgical margins. Urology. 2013;82(1):154-9. PMID: 23522995

52. Ornish D, Lin J, Chan JM, Epel E, Kemp C, Weidner G, Marlin R, Fenda SJ, Magbanua MJ, Daubenmier J, Estay I, Hills NK, Chainani-Wu N, Carroll PR, Blackburn EH. Effect of comprehensive lifestyle changes on telemorase activity and telomere length in men with biopsy-proven low-risk prostate cancer: 5-year follow-up of a descriptive pilot study. Lancet Oncol. 2013 Oct;14(11):1112-20. PMID: 24051140

53. Punnen S, Meng MV, Cooperberg MR, Greene KL, Cowan JE, Carroll PR. How does robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) compare with open surgery in men with high-risk prostate cancer? BJU Int. 2013 Aug;112(4):E314-20. PMID: 23451984 

54. Punnen S, Cowan JE, Dunn LB, Shumay DM, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR. A longitudinal study of anxiety, depression and distress as predictors of sexual and urinary quality of life in men with prostate cancer. BJU Int. 2013. Jul;112(2):E67-75. PMID: 23795800

55. Whitson JM, Porten SP, Cowan JE, Simko JP, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR. Factors associated with downgrading in patients with high grade prostate cancer. Urol Oncol2013 May;31(4):442-7. Epub 2011 Apr 8. PMID: 21478037


56. Carroll PR, Parsons JK, Andriole G, Bahnson RR, Barocas DA, Catalona WJ, Dahl DM, Davis JW, Epstein JI, Etzioni RB, Giri VN, Hemstreet GP 3rd, Kawachi MH, Lange PH, Loughlin KR, Lowrance W, Maroni P, Mohler J, Morgan TM, Nadler RB, Poch M, Scales C, Shanefelt TM, Vickers AJ, Wake R, Shead DA, Ho M. Prostate cancer early detection, version 1.2014. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2014 Sep;12(9):1211-9. PMID: 25190691

57. Klein EA, Cooperberg MR, Magi-Galluzzi C, Simko JP, Falzarano SM, Maddala T, Chan JM, Li J, Cowan JE, Tsiatis AC, Cherbavaz DB, Pelham RJ, Tenggara-Hunter I, Baehner FL, Knezevic D, Febbo PG, Shak S, Kattan MW, Lee M, Carroll PR. A 17-gene assay to predict prostate cancer aggressiveness in the context of Gleason grade heterogeneity, tumor multifocality, and biopsy undersampling. Eur Urol. 2014 Sep;66(3):550-60. PMID: 24836057                   Reply to letter to the editor: PMID: 25150174

58. Glass AS, Hilton JF, Cowan JE, Washington SL, Carroll PR. Serial prostate biopsy and risk of lower urinary tract symptoms: results from a large, single-institution active surveillance cohort. Urology. 2014 Jan;83(1):33-9. Epub 2013 Nov 15. PMID: 24246319

59. Punnen S, Cary KC, Glass AS, Cowan JE, Carroll PR. Autologous retro-pubic urethral sling: a novel, quick, intra-operative technique to improve continence after robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy. J Robotic Surg. 2014;8:99–104 PMID: None

60. Wang SY, Cowan JE, Cary KC, Chan JM, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR. Limited ability of existing nomograms to predict outcomes in men undergoing active surveillance for prostate cancer. BJU Int. 2014 Dec;114(6b):E18-24. PMID: 24712895

61. Wang SY, Shiboski S, Belair CD, Cooperberg MR, Simko JP, Stoppler H, Cowan J, Carroll PR, Blelloch R. miR-19, miR-345, miR-519c-5p serum levels predict adverse pathology in prostate cancer patients eligible for active surveillance. PLoS One. 2014 Jun 3;9(6):e98597. PMID: 2489317


62. Filippou P, Welty CJ, Cowan JE, Perez N, Shinohara K, Carroll PR. Immediate Versus Delayed Radical Prostatectomy: Updated Outcomes Following Active Surveillance of Prostate Cancer. Eur Urol2015 Sep;68(3):458-63. PMID: 26138041

63. Hussein AA, Welty CJ, Ameli N, Cowan JE, Leapman M, Porten SP, Shinohara K, Carroll PR. Untreated Gleason grade progression on serial biopsies during prostate cancer active surveillance: clinical course and pathological outcomes. J Urol. 2015 Jul;194(1):85-90PMID: 25623742

64. Jalloh M, Leapman MS, Cowan JE, Shinohara K, Greene KL, Roach M 3rd, Chang AJ, Chan JM, Simko JP, Carroll PR. Patterns of local failure following radiation therapy for prostate cancer. J Urol. 2015 Oct;194(4):977-82. PMID: 25983194

65. Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network (TCGA). The molecular taxonomy of primary prostate cancer. Cell. 2015 Nov 5;163(4):1011-25. PMID: 26544944

66. Welty CJ, Cowan JE, Nguyen HShinohara KPerez NGreene KLChan JMMeng MVSimko JPCooperberg MRCarroll PR. Extended follow-up and risk factors for disease reclassification from a large active surveillance cohort for localized prostate cancer. J Urol. 2015 Mar;193(3):807-11. Epub 2014 Sep 24. PMID: 25261803


67. Eltemamy MM, Leapman MS, Cowan JE, Westphalen A, Shinohara K, Carroll PR. Serial anatomic prostate ultrasound imaging during prostate cancer active surveillance. J Urol2016 Sep;196(3):727-33. PMID: 27117443

68. Kenfield SA, Batista JL, Jahn JL, Downer MK, Van Blarigan EL,  Sesso HD, Giovannucci EL, Stampfer MJ, Chan JM. Development and application of a lifestyle score for prevention of lethal prostate cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2016;108(3):djv329. PMID: 26577654

69. Knudsen BS, Kim HL, Erho N, Shin H, Alshalalfa M, Lam LL, Tenggara I, Chadwich K, Van Der Kwast T, Fleshner N, Davicioni E, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR, Chan JM, Simko JP. Application of a Clinical Whole-Transcriptome Assay for Staging and Prognosis of Prostate Cancer Diagnosed in Needle Core Biopsy Specimens. J Mol Diagn. 2016 May;18(3):395-406. PMID: 26945428

70. Leapman MS, Ameli N, Cooperberg MR, Chu C, Hussein A, Shinohara K, Carroll PR. Quantified clinical risk change as an end point during prostate cancer active surveillance. Eur Urol. 2017 Sep;72(3):329-332. Epub 2016 May 3. PMID: 27157998

71. Newcomb LF, Thompson IM Jr, Boyer HD, Brooks JD, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR, Dash A, Ellis WJ, Fazli L, Feng Z, Gleave ME, Kunju P, Lance RS, McKenney JK, Meng MV, Nicolas MM, Sanda MG, Simko J, So A, Tretiakova MS, Troyer DA, True LD, Vakar-Lopez F, Virgin J, Wagner AA, Wei JT, Zheng Y, Nelson PS, Lin DW; Canary Prostate Active Surveillance Study Investigators. Outcomes of active surveillance for the management of clinically localized prostate cancer in the prospective, multi-institutional Canary PASS cohort. J Urol. 2016 Feb;195(2):313-20. Epub 2015 Aug 29. PMID: 26327354


72. Bruinsma SM, Roobol MJ, Carroll PR, Klotz L, Pickles T, Moore CM, Gnanapragasam VJ, Villers A, Rannikko A, Valdagni R, Frydenberg M, Kakehi Y, Filson CP, Bangma CH; Movember Foundation's Global Action Plan Prostate Cancer Active Surveillance (GAP3) consortium. Expert consensus document: Semantics in active surveillance for men with localized prostate cancer - results of a modified Delphi consensus procedure. Nat Rev Urol. 2017 May;14(5):312-322. PMID: 28290462

73. Hope TA, Aggarwal R, Chee B, Tao D, Greene KL, Cooperberg MR, Feng F, Chang A, Ryan CJ, Small EJ, Carroll PR. Impact of 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET on management in patients with biochemically recurrent prostate cancer. J Nucl Med. 2017 Dec;58(12):1956-61. PMID: 28522741

74. Lake ST, Greene KL, Westphalen AC, Behr SC, Zagoria R, Small EJ, Carroll PR, Hope TA. Optimal MRI sequences for 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/MRI in evaluation of biochemically recurrence prostate cancer. EJNMMI Res. 2017 Sep 19;7(1):77. PMID: 28929350 

75. Leapman MS, Ameli N, Shinohara K, Nguyen HG, Meng MV, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR. Validity of the Cancer of the Prostate Risk Assessment Score Derived from Targeted Biopsy: Modeling Evidence from Ultrasound Lesion-Directed Biopsy. Clin Genitourin Cancer2017 Feb;15(1):93-99. Epub 2016 Jul 21. PMID: 27522449

76. Leapman MS, Cowan JE, Nguyen HG, Shinohara K, Perez N, Cooperberg MR, Catalona WJ, Carroll PR. Active surveillance in younger men with prostate cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2017. Jun 10;35(17):1898-1904. PMID: 28346806

77. Leapman MS, Westphalen AC, Ameli N, Lawrence HJ, Febbo PG, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR. Association between a 17-gene prostate score and multi-parametric prostate MRI in men with low and intermediate risk prostate cancer (PCa). PLoS One. 2017 Oct 10;12(10). PMID: 29016610

78.  Lin DW, Newcomb LF, Brown MD, Sjoberg DD, Dong Y, Brooks JD, Carroll PR, Cooperberg M, Dash A, Ellis WJ, Fabrizio M, Gleave ME, Morgan TM, Nelson PS, Thompson IM, Wagner AA, Zheng Y; Canary Prostate Active Surveillance Study Investigators. Evaluating the Four Kallikrein Panel of the 4K score for prediction of high-grade prostate cancer in men in the Canary Prostate Active Surveillance Study. Eur Urol. 2017 Sep;72(3):448-454. Epub 2016 Nov 23. PMID: 27889277

79. Nguyen HG, Punnen S, Cowan JE, Leapman M, Cary C, Welty K, Weinberg V, Cooperberg MR, Meng MV, Greene KL, Garcia M, Carroll PR. A randomized study of intra-operative autologous retropubic urethral sling on urinary control after robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy. J Urol2017 Feb;197(2):369-375. Epub 2016 Sep 27. PMID: 27693447

80. Nguyen HG, Welty C, Lindquist K, Ngo V, Gilbert E, Bengtsson H, Magi-Galluzzi C, Jean-Gilles J, Yao J, Cooperberg M, Messing E, Klein EA, Carroll PR, Paris PL. Validation of GEMCaP as a DNA based biomarker to predict prostate cancer recurrence after radical prostatectomy. J Urol. 2017 Sep 20. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 28941923

81. Tran GN, Leapman MS, Nguyen HG, Cowan JE, Shinohara S, Westphalen AC, Carroll PR. Magnetic resonance imaging-ultrasound fusion biopsy during prostate cancer active surveillance. Eur Urol2017 Aug;72(2):275-281. Epub 2016 Aug 29. PMID: 27595378

82. Welty CJ, Sanford TH, Wright JL, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR, Meng, MV, Porten SP. The Cancer of the Bladder Risk Assessment (COBRA) score: Estimating mortality after radical cystectomy. Cancer. 2017 Dec 1;123(23):4574-4582. PMID: 28881475



83. Bruinsma SM, Zhang L, Roobol MJ, Bangma CH, Steyerberg EW, Nieboer D, Van Hemelrijck M; Movember Foundation's Global Action Plan Prostate Cancer Active Surveillance (GAP3) consortium. The Movember Foundation's GAP3 cohort: a profile of the largest global prostate cancer active surveillance database to date. BJU Int. 2018 May;121(5):737-744. PMID: 29247473

84. Cooperberg MR, Brooks JD, Faino AV, Newcomb LF, Kearns JT, Carroll PR, Dash A, Etzioni R, Fabrizio MD, Gleave ME, Morgan TM, Nelson PS, Thompson IM, Wagner AA, Lin DW, Zheng Y. Refined analysis of prostate-specific antigen kinetics to predict prostate cancer active surveillance outcomes. Eur Urol. 2018 Aug;74(2):211-217.  PMID: 29433975 

85. Cooperberg MR, Erho N, Chan JM, Feng FY, Fishbane N, Zhao SG, Simko JP, Cowan JE, Lehrer J, Alshalalfa M, Kolisnik T, Chelliserry J, Margrave J, Aranes, M, Plessis MD, Buerki C, Tenggara I, Davicioni E, Carroll PR. The diverse genomic landscape of clinically low-risk prostate cancer. Eur Urol. 2018 May 28. Epub ahead of print PMID: 29853306

86. Inoue LYT, Lin DW, Newcomb LF, Leonardson AS, Ankerst D, Gulati R, Carter HB, Trock BJ, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR, Cowan JE, Klotz LH, Mamedov A, Penson DF, Etzioni R. Comparative analysis of biopsy upgrading in four prostate cancer active surveillance cohorts. Annals of Internal Med2018 Jan 2;168(1):1-9. Epub 2017 Nov 28. PMID: 29181514

87.  Kearns JT, Faino AV, Newcomb LF, Brooks JD, Carroll PR, Dash A, Ellis WJ, Fabrizio M, Gleave ME, Morgan TM, Nelson PS, Thompson IM, Wagner AA, Zheng Y, Lin DW. Role of surveillance biopsy with no cancer as a prognostic marker for reclassification: results from the Canary Prostate Active Surveillance study Eur Urol. 2018 May;73(5):706-712. PMID: 29433973 

88. Kornberg Z, Cowan JE, Westphalen AC, Cooperberg MR, Chan JM, Zhao S, Shinohara K, Carroll PR. Genomic Prostate Score, PI-RADSv2, and progression in men with prostate cancer on active surveillance. J Urol. 2018 Sep 1. PMID: 30179620 Epub ahead of print

89. Leapman MS, Nguyen HG, Cowan JE, Xue L, Stohr B, Simko J, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR. Comparing Prognostic Utility of a Single-marker Immunohistochemistry Approach with Commercial Gene Expression Profiling Following Radical Prostatectomy. Eur Urol. 2018 Sep 1. PMID: 30181067  Epub ahead of print

90. Nguyen HG, Conn CS, Kye Y, Xue L, Forester CM, Cowan JE, Hsieh AC, Cunningham JT, Truillet C, Tameire F, Evans MJ, Evans CP, Yang JC, Hann B, Koumenis C, Walter P, Carroll PR, Ruggero D. Development of a stress response therapy targeting aggressive prostate cancer. Sci Transl Med. 2018 May 2;10(439). PMID: 29720449

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Anwar M, Westphalen AC, Jung AJ, Noworolski SM, Simko JP, Kurhanewicz J, Roach M 3rd, Carroll PR, Coakley FV. Role of endorectal MR imaging and MR spectroscopic imaging in defining treatable intraprostatic tumor foci in prostate cancer: Quantitative analysis of imaging contour compared to whole-mount histopathology. Radiother Oncol. 2014 Feb;110(2):303-8. PMID: 24444524

Bangma CH, Bul M, van der Kwast TH, Pickles T, Korfage IJ, Hoeks CM, Steyerberg EW, Jenster G, Kattan MW, Bellardita L, Carroll PR, Denis LJ, Parker C, Roobol MJ, Emberton M, Klotz LH, Rannikko A, Kakehi Y, Lane JA, Schroder FH, Semjonow A, Trock BJ, Valdagni R. Active surveillance for low-risk prostate cancer. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2013 Mar;85(3):295-302. Epub 2012 Aug 9. Review. PMID: 22878262

Bangma CH, Valdagni R, Carroll PR, van Poppel H, Klotz L, Hugosson J. Active surveillance for low-risk prostate cancer: developments to date. Eur Urol. 2015 Apr;67(4):646-8. PMID: 25435266

Carlsson S, Leapman M, Carroll P, Schröder F, Albertsen PC, Ilic D, Barry M, Frosch DL, Vickers A. Who and when should we screen for prostate cancer? Interviews with key opinion leaders. BMC Med. 2015 Nov 27;13(1):288. PMID: 26612204

Carroll PR, Parsons JK, Andriole G, Bahnson RR, Castle EP, Catalona WJ, Dahl DM, Davis JW, Epstein JI, Etzioni RB, Farrington T, Hemstreet GP 3rd, Kawachi MH, Kim S, Lange PH, Loughlin KR, Lowrance W, Maroni P, Mohler J, Morgan TM, Moses KA, Nadler RB, Poch M, Scales C, Shaneyfelt TM, Smaldone MC, Sonn G, Sprenkle P, Vickers AJ, Wake R, Shead DA, Freedman-Cass DA. NCCN Guideline Insights: Prostate Cancer Early Detection, Version 2.2016. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2016 May;14(5):509-19. PMID: 27160230

Carroll PR, Parsons JK, Andriole G, Bahnson RR, Barocas DA, Castle EP, Catalona WJ, Dahl DM, Davis JW, Epstein JI, Etzioni RB, Farrington T, Hemstreet GP 3rd, Kawachi MH, Lange PH, Loughlin KR, Lowrance W, Maroni P, Mohler J, Morgan TM, Nadler RB, Poch M, Scales C, Shaneyfelt TM, Smaldone MC, Sonn G, Sprenke P, Vickers AJ, Wake R, Shead DA, Freedman-Cass D. Prostate Cancer Early Detection: Version 2.2015. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2015 Dec;13(12):1534-61. PMID: 26656522

Crehange G, Izaguirre A, Weinberg V, Hsu CC, Gottschalk AR, Hsu IC, Shinohara K, Carroll P, Roach M 3rd. Long-term outcomes following radiation therapy for prostate cancer patients with lymph node metastasis at diagnosis treated with and without surgery. Am J Clin Oncol. 2016 Apr;39(2):167-72. PMID: 24441584 Epub 2014 Jan 16.

Dall'Era MA, Albertsen PC, Bangma C, Carroll PR, Carter HB, Cooperberg MR, Freedland SJ, Klotz LH, Parker C, Soloway MS. Active surveillance for prostate cancer: a systematic review of the literature. Eur Urol. 2012 Dec;62(6):976-83. PMID: 22698574 

Dall'Era M, Carroll P. What is the optimal way to select candidates for active surveillance of prostate cancer? J Urol. 2015 Sep;194(3):615-6. PMID: 26079332

Jalloh M, Cooperberg MR. Implementation of PSA-based active surveillance in prostate cancer. Biomark Med. 2014 Jun;8(5):747-53. PMID: 25123041 

Leapman MS, Carroll PR. New genetic markers for prostate cancer. Urol Clin North Am. 206 Feb;43(1):7-15. Epub 2015 Oct 31. PMID: 26614025

Loeb S, Bjurlin MA, Nicholson J, Tammela TL, Penson DF, Carter HB, Carroll P, Etzioni R. Overdiagnosis and overtreatment of prostate cancer. Eur Urol. 2014 Jun;65(6):1046-55. PMID: 24439788 

Mallin K, David KA, Carroll PR, Milowsky MI, Nanus DM. Transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder: racial and gender disparities in survival (1993 to 2002), stage and grade (1993 to 2007). J Urol. 2011 May;185(5):1631-6. PMID: 21419456

Messing EM, Albertsen P, Andriole GL Jr, Carroll PR, Klein EA. The Society of Urologic Oncology's reply to the US Preventative Services Task Force's recommendation on PSA testing. Urol Oncol. 2012 Jan;30(1):117-9. PMID: 22243597

Moreira DM, Aronson WJ, Terris MK, Kane CJ, Amling CL, Cooperberg MR, Boffetta P, Freedland SJ. Cigarette smoking is associated with an increased risk of biochemical disease recurrence, metastasis, castration-resistant prostate cancer, and mortality after radical prostatectomy: Results from the SEARCH database. Cancer. 2014 Jan 15:120(2):197-204. Epub 2013 Oct 11. PMID: 24127391 

Montorsi F, Wilson TG, Rosen RC, Ahlering TE, Artibani W, Carroll PR, Costello A, Eastham JA, Ficarra V, Guazzoni G, Menon M, Novara G, Patel VR, Stolzenburg JU, Van der Poel H, Van Poppel H, Mottrie A. Best practices in robot-assisted radical prostatectomy: recommendations of the Pasadena Consensus Panel. Eur Urol. 2012 Sep;62(3):368-81. PMID: 22763081

Muglia VF, Westphalen AC, Wang ZJ, Kurhanewicz J, Carroll PR, Coakley FV. Endorectal MRI of prostate cancer: incremental prognostic importance of gross locally advanced disease. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Dec;197(6):1369-74. PMID: 22109291

Porten SP, Cooperberg MR. High-risk nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer: definition and epidemiology. Curr Opin Urol. 2012 Sep;22(5):385-9. PMID: 22842681

Tasian GE, Cooperberg MR, Potter MB, Cowan JE, Greene KL, Carroll PR, Chan JM. PSA screening: determinants of primary-care physician practice patterns. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2012;15(2):189-94. Epub 2011 Nov 29. PMID: 22343837

Tasian GE, Cooperberg MR, Cowan JE, Keyashian K, Greene KL, Daniels NA, Carroll PR, Chan JM. Prostate specific antigen screening for prostate cancer: knowledge of, attitudes towards, and utilization among primary care physicians. Urol Oncol. 2012 Mar-Apr;30(2):155-60. Epub 2010 Aug 25. Urology. 2013 Jul;82(1):53-59. PMID: 20800514

Welty CJ, Carroll PR. The ongoing need for improved risk stratification and monitoring for those on active surveillance for early stage prostate cancer. Eur Urol. 2014 Jun;65(6):1032-3. PMID: 24636678

Wu AK, Reese AC, Cooperberg MR, Sadetsky N, Shinohara K. Utility of PCA3 in patients undergoing repeat biopsy for prostate cancer. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2012 Mar;15(1):100-5. Epub 2011 Nov 1. PMID: 22042252


Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network. The Molecular Taxonomy of Primary Prostate Cancer. Cell. 2015 Nov 5;163(4):1011-25. PMID: 26544944

Urologic Disease of America Project

Porten SP, Smith A, Odisho AY, Litwin MS, Saigal CS, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR; the Urologic Disease of America Project. Updated trends in imaging use in men diagnosed with prostate cancer. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2014 Sep;17(3):246-51. PMID: 24819235

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